An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Energy Management in Distribution Grid Considering Distributed Generators

Document Type: Original Manuscript

Authors

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

This study proposes, a novel approach for optimal energy management’s problem and capacitor switching in the distribution network at the presence of distributed generators, energy storage units and solar photovoltaic arrays. Modern distribution networks, in addition to the importance of economic issues, must operate at an acceptable level of system reliability, Failure to pay attention to the reliability importance can lead to irreparable damages in the distribution network. Toward this end, energy not supplied as a reliability index along with operation cost are considered as objective functions. Also, the effect of uncertainty resources related to solar photovoltaic arrays power generation and electricity price are considered in the optimization problem evaluations. Considering the effects of distributed generators and energy storage units causes the proposed problem more be complicated, for this reason, an improved particle swarm optimization algorithm is provided to deal the complexity of the problem. The proposed algorithm is tested in the IEEE 33-node test system, and its superiorities are shown through comparison with other evolutionary algorithms.

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